Interoperability-Guided Testing of QUIC Implementations Using Symbolic Execution

  author = {Rath, Felix and Schemmel, Daniel and Wehrle, Klaus},
  title = {{{Interoperability-Guided}} {{Testing}} of {{QUIC}} {{Implementations}} {{Using}} {{Symbolic}} {{Execution}}},
  booktitle = {Workshop on the {{Evolution}}, {{Performance}}, and {{Interoperability}} of {{QUIC}} {{(EPIQ}} 2018)},
  location = {Heraklion, Greece},
  pages = {15--21},
  year = {2018},
  month = {dec},
  doi = {10.1145/3284850.3284853},

The main reason for the standardization of network protocols, like QUIC, is to ensure interoperability between implementations, which poses a challenging task. Manual tests are currently used to test the different existing implementations for interoperability, but given the complex nature of network protocols, it is hard to cover all possible edge cases. State-of-the-art automated software testing techniques, such as Symbolic Execution (SymEx), have proven themselves capable of analyzing complex real-world software and finding hard to detect bugs. We present a SymEx-based method for finding interoperability issues in QUIC implementations, and explore its merit in a case study that analyzes the interoperability of picoquic and QUANT. We find that, while SymEx is able to analyze deep interactions between different implementations and uncovers several bugs, in order to enable efficient interoperability testing, implementations need to provide additional information about their current protocol state.

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